The Internet of Things is an ecosystem consisting of web-enabled smart devices that use embedded systems, such as processors, sensors, and communication equipment, to capture, transmit and act on data they obtain from their environment.
Why is IoT Important?
The Internet of Things allows people to live and work better and to take full control of their lives.
There are various real-world implementations of the Internet of Things. For example, the likes of smart homes equipped with smart thermostats, smart appliances, and connected heating, lighting, and electronic devices can be remotely controlled via computers and smartphones.
Wearable devices with sensors and apps can capture and analyze user data, and send messages to other user-related technologies to make life simpler and more convenient for users. Wearable devices are used for public safety, such as tracking vital signs from construction workers or firefighters at life-threatening sites. Norskeanmeldelser, a prominent review website in Norway, is also using it to track the rate at which people visit their websites.
IoT provides many advantages in healthcare, including the ability to track patients more closely through an examination of the produced data. Hospitals also use IoT systems to complete tasks such as handling inventories for both pharmaceuticals and medical equipment.
With the use of sensors installed in Smart buildings, energy costs can be reduced by detecting how many occupants there are in a room. The temperature can be changed automatically. For example, if sensors notice a conference room is packed, turning the air conditioner on, or turning down the heat if everyone in the office has gone home.
In agriculture, IoT-based smart farming systems can help track crop fields with connected sensors, for example, humidity, light, soil moisture, and temperature. In the automation of irrigation systems, IoT is also instrumental.
IoT sensors and installations in a smart city, such as smart streetlights and smart meters, will help alleviate traffic, conserve electricity, track and fix environmental issues and improve sanitation.
Has IoT Come To Stay In Norway?
Since the launching of IoT initiative in Norway in 2018, can we say it has come to stay in Norway? The IoT initiative in Norway was targeted towards boosting innovation, supporting entrepreneurship, and helping in the building of national competence.
Nevertheless, the Internet of Things connects billions of devices to the internet and involves the use of billions of data points that must all be secured. IoT privacy and IoT security are significant concerns because of its increased surface area of attack. Because IoT devices are closely connected, the only thing a hacker needs to do is exploit one vulnerability to manipulate all of the data, making it useless. Manufacturers that don’t frequently upgrade their gadgets — or at all — leave them vulnerable to cybercriminals.
Privacy is another major problem for IoT users. For example, companies manufacturing and selling consumer IoT devices may use those devices to collect and sell personal data from users. IoT poses a risk to vital infrastructure, including power, transportation, and financial services, beyond leaking private data.
Despite all these vulnerabilities, if IoT is appropriately managed, it is beneficial to Norway. There is virtually nothing that doesn’t have a risk attached to it.